A Big Book’s Little Story

Dr. Antranig Chalabian, translated and abridged by Vahe H. Apelian, 3 September 2012

This article appeared in Antranig Zaroukian’s Nairi Weekly in Beirut on December 2, 1973, few months after the publication of “The Lions of Marash”.  Antranig Chalabian narrates how Dr. Stanely E. Kerr’s monumental book came about.

Dr. Stanely E. Kerr was the Chairman of the Biochemistry Department of the American University of Beirut for almost four decades. During the last years of his tenure he had merited the title of Distinguished Professor. For all I know, in the history of the University, few individuals have been conferred with this title. He retired from his post in 1965 and moved to America.

Dr. Antranig Chalabian, translated and abridged by Vahe H. Apelian, 3 September 2012

This article appeared in Antranig Zaroukian’s Nairi Weekly in Beirut on December 2, 1973, few months after the publication of “The Lions of Marash”.  Antranig Chalabian narrates how Dr. Stanely E. Kerr’s monumental book came about.

Dr. Stanely E. Kerr was the Chairman of the Biochemistry Department of the American University of Beirut for almost four decades. During the last years of his tenure he had merited the title of Distinguished Professor. For all I know, in the history of the University, few individuals have been conferred with this title. He retired from his post in 1965 and moved to America.

I knew the Professor simply because we worked in the same building. He worked in the second floor of the University’s School of Medicine building while I worked in its fourth floor as Research Assistant. I had heard that the Professor was an Armenophile. A friend had told me that at the aftermath of the First World War he had helped the Armenian refugees. 

The American University of Beirut’s School of Medicine building has two storage rooms in its fourth floor where all sorts of equipment, instruments, some usable others not, are kept. When the storage rooms get filled up workers come and remove some of the items that are not needed any more.

It was in the summer of 1966. I heard that workers have come and are emptying the two storage rooms. I went to see that they do not remove instruments and other items we owned we may need in the future. In one corner there was a very old wooden box. “Take this wooden cart away!” I told the workers because of its rough and tumble look and accumulated dust.

I had hardly uttered my order when I noticed that at its bottom there were papers that appeared to be newspaper and envelopes of sorts. The papers appeared to be very old. Had a garbage collector come across the box he would not have wanted to handle the papers inside and would have tossed the box away. I, on the other hand, who has a tendency to wash his hands 50 times a day, do not know how is that I extended my arm into the box and reached the papers. It may be that luck would have it that way.

I opened the large envelope with utmost care. There were clippings from an English language newspaper. TODAY IN SVAS A THOUSAND ARMENIANS WERE MASSACRED. I turned my face the other way and shook the fifty years accumulated dust and took the envelope to my office.

I placed the papers on the table next to my desk and started to look into the newspaper clippings. They were clippings from New York Times dating to the Armenian Genocide. There were also correspondences and documents and also Stanley Kerr’s picture (he was not a professor then).  His picture appeared in the newspaper on two occasions in a military like uniform. It turned out that they were the uniforms worn by the American Relief Workers. From the correspondences I concluded that the envelope belonged to   Dr. Stanley Kerr.

Emotions overtook me as I read the newspaper clippings; Dr. Suhail Jabbour, one of the Professors of the Physiology Department who is a very curious and observant person, happened to step in.

– “What are you reading?” He asked.

– “Papers that belong to Dr. Stanley Kerr” I said “He seems to have left them here”

– “Place them in my office after you are done” He said. “I would like to read them as well”.

Three days later I asked him, “Where are Dr. Stanley Kerr’s papers?” “I sent them to his son”, he said. Professor Stanley Kerr’s son, Malcolm, was a professor at the University’s Political Science Department and is a specialist of Arab history.

I wrote a letter to Dr. Malcolm Kerr at the U.C.L.A. Political Science Department inquiring about his father’s papers. He wrote back letting me know that he had sent the papers to his father who lived in Princeton, NJ.

I wrote to Dr. Stanley Kerr and asked him if he would return the papers he had left behind to me to give to an Armenian editor.

“No, Antranig” he replied. “I had not thrown these papers away. I had lost them. They are very valuable to me. I had collected them to write a book. I am glad that you found them……”.

This incident became the reason that initiated a correspondence between the two of us the outcome of which became the monumental book Dr. Stanley E. Kerr wrote about the massacres of Marash. To write this book, the eminent professor devoted six years and produced a book about the tragedy of Marash that historians may not have anything else to add. We may mention here that Krikor Kaloustian’s book titled “Marash or Kermanic” has only a 30 pages long section about the tragedy of Marash including eyewitness accounts.

Dr. Kerr has been in Aleppo and Marash between 1919 and 1923 as an American Middle East Relief officer. He has been a witness to the post War massacres by the Kemalists. Before that he has been interested in the Armenian issues and has collected newspaper articles about the Armenian massacres.

My task became collecting references about the Armenian Genocide and the Cilician tragedy.  I translated into English almost all the Armenian references available about the tragedy of Marash and the Cilician calamity. Fortunately the Professor’s knowledge of German, French and Turkish greatly facilitated our searches.

In the spring of 1967, a year after the initiation of the work, the Professor came to Lebanon in search of sources. We looked for a book but we could not find it. I checked almost all the bookstores in the city but I could not locate a copy. The title of the book was  “La Cilicie 1919-1920” by Edmond Brimond. I was told that the Armenian Catholic Library in Zmar had a copy.

The 1967 Israeli six-days long war started. The city was very tense. It was the third day of the war and the city was at a heightened mood. People were protesting all over and the streets were littered with glass fragments. The schools were closed and people were indoors; I was concerned that the Professor would soon leave due to rising anti-American sentiments without the reference. I decided to go to Zmar but I did not own a car then. I ventured out of the house, crossed the city center and walked to my friend Yervant Grboyan’s house and knocked at the door. He was still in his bed.

– “Take me to Zmar” I said.

– “Are you crazy or what?” He said. “Who goes out in these times leaving his house?” He added.

We drove to Zmar. We were sipping tasty wine when the Vartabed went to fetch the book from the library. He came back. “We do not have the copy” he said. “It is in our registry but it appears that Father Gergerian has taken the book with him to Philadelphia”.

In the afternoon I went to the University and found that Dr. Stanley Kerr and all the American nationals had left the country early that morning at 7 a.m.

I continued to search for the book through Librarie Du Liban. I wrote to friends in Paris, but to no avail. Then someone told me to check Vahe Setian’s private collection. Giving the benefit of the doubt that a personal collector would have a book the libraries did not, I visited Vahe Setian to inquire. Not only I found the book I was looking for in his collection, I also found additional seven historical books in French about the Cilician tragedy.  In President Hoover’s Library we found another French book we needed titled “Historique du 412n Regiment d’Enfanterie” by Captain C. Tribault.

“The Lions of Marash” was printed by the State University of New York Press and was published on July 2, 1973. It retails for $15. Few copies have arrived to Beirut. I do not want to be misunderstood. The author has purchased few copies and gifted to friends.

I am pleased that an eminent American Professor wrote this book. The Professor has shown his greatness early on. Just imagine that a young 20 to 22 years old student leaves America and volunteers to help Armenian orphans in a foreign land.

I narrated the story of a big book. Let the Marashtsi intellectuals evaluate the book.

Note: Dr. Stanley E. Kerr’s son – Dr. Malcolm Kerr – became the President of the American University of Beirut but was gunned down in his office. Malcolm’s son – Steve Kerr – is a retired professional basketball player and a 5 time National Basketball Association (NBA) Champion.

 

 

3 comments
  1. Lions in Their Own Rights

    Tom and Annie Hoglind, Dr. Antranig Chalabian’s daughter and son-in-law forwarded me the scanned copy of the original article that was forwarded to them by Rev. Vicken Cholakian in Greece.
     
    The article rekindled a lot of memories as I accompanied my late uncle to visit Vahe Setian's personal library on the other side of Beirut's Allenby St. where my father ran Hotel Lux. Reading the story, I realized that Antranig Chalabian was modest in portraying his unconditional devotion to the project. And he did it with his characteristic single-mindedness. As he noted, he did not own a car and did not like to go on his searches alone. So often I used to accompany him upon his request. I was a student at the American University of Beirut (AUB) and drove my first car, a used VW Beetle.
     
    We drove to Anjar to interview Movses Der Kaloustian, the longstanding member of the Lebanese parliament, and many eyewitnesses. Antranig translated these interviews into English and mailed them to Dr. Kerr. Their correspondence resulted in a friendship and the Kerrs graciously hosted Antranig and his wife when they visited America in the early 1970s.
     
    Their correspondence took place at a time when word processing, emails, instant messaging, cell phones had not been invented. The AUB had few photocopying machines but photocopying was outrageously expensive. The charge per page was almost the price of a student’s zaatar bread. Copying by handwriting was very much the norm, something that Antranig did very well. He also sent copies of the translations to Dr. Kerr for safekeeping. The book had a large scope, although the editors wanted to abridge the book. The portion that was mostly taken away was the eyewitness accounts that Dr. Chalabian had conducted and meticulously translated.
     
    Antranig does not mention what he has said in private and that he was driven by a call the late editor of Zartonk, Kersam Aharonian, had made during the 50th anniversary commemoration. Aharonian had said that Armenians need to support odars to write about the Armenian Genocide. At the time there were few books about Genocide which were written by odars.
     
    While corresponding with Dr. Kerr, Antranig received Henry Clockler's memoirs. Mr. Clocker was the controller at the AUB for decades and had retired to Princeton. Antranig had the memoirs edited and published in hardcover ("Interned in Ourfa") through his personal efforts and the support of Urfa Compatriotic Union. As a further note, my first job interview in America in 1976 was with the college relations director of American Cyanamid Company. He turned out to be Henry Clockler's son. Our meeting went beyond the customary review by an employer of an applicant's qualification. He lent me solid support.
     
    The young Stanely Kerr attending to the needs of the Armenians at the aftermath of the Genocide and his years of work to realize the publication of The Lions of Marash in his later years are a testament to Dr. Stanley E. Kerr’s life-long affection of Armenians and his support of the Armenian Cause. He passed away in 1976, three years after the publication of the book.
     
    This little story speaks volumes about its narrator, Dr. Antranig Chalabian, as well. Along with his family, immediate and extended, the loves of his life were Armenia and Armenian history. To paraphrase Tom Brokaw, Antranig was a true representative of our modern-day history’s Greatest Generation, those born to, raised and nurtured by the survivors of the Armenian Genocide.

  2. Steve Kerr

    Steve Kerr is making history as the couch of  the Golden State Warriors, the champions of the Western Conference and the contenders of this year's upcoming NBA title . He is also a six time NBA (National Basketball Association) Champion.   He is quoted having said lately that he “feels like an honorary member of the Armenian community through my family”.

    My late uncle, Dr. Antranig Chalabian, collaborated with his late grandfather Stanley Kerr in the publication of his book titled “The Lions of Marash”. When my maternal uncle Antranig and his wife Seran visited the United States in early 1970's, the Stanley Kerrs hosted them in their home in Princton, NJ.

    Interested readers may read my translation of Antranig Chalabian’s memoir about the serendipitous events that came into the making of that historical book. The article is titled “A Big Book's Little Story”

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