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|Universal Declaration of the Rights of Peoples
Aware of expressing the aspirations of our era, we met in Algiers to proclaim that all the peoples of the world have an equal right to liberty, the right to free themselves from any foreign interference and to choose their own government, the right if they are under subjection, to fight for their liberation and the right to benefit from other peoples' assistance in their struggle.
Convinced that the effective respect for human rights necessarily implies respect for the rights of the peoples, we have adopted the Universal Declaration for the Rights of Peoples.
May all those who, throughout the world, are fighting the great battle, at times through armed struggle, for the freedom of all peoples, find in this Declaration the assurance of the legitimacy of their struggle.
Section I. Right to Existence
Every people has the right to existence.
Every people has the right to the respect of its national and cultural identity.
Every people has the right to retain peaceful possession of its territory and to return to it if it is expelled.
None shall be subjected, because of his national or cultural identity, to massacre, torture, persecution, deportation, expulsion or living conditions such as may compromise the identity or integrity of the people to which belongs.
Section II. Right to Political Self-determination
Every people has an imprescriptible and unalienable right to self-determination. It shall determine its political status freely and without any foreign interference.
Every people has the right to break free from any colonial or foreign domination, whether direct or indirect, and from any racist regime.
Every people has the right to have democratic government representing all the citizens without distinction as race, sex, belief or colour, and capable of ensuring effective respect for the human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.
Section III: Economic Rights of Peoples
Every people has an exclusive right over its natural wealth and resources. It has the right to recover them if they have been despoiled, as well as any unjustly paid indemnities.
Scientific and technical progress being part of the common heritage of mankind, every people has the right to participate in it.
Every people has the right to a fair evaluation of its labour and to equal and just terms in international trade.
Every people has the right to choose its own economic and social system and pursue its own path to economic development freely and without any foreign interference.
The economic rights set forth shall be exercised in a spirit of solidarity amongst the peoples of the world and with due regard for their respective interests.
Section IV. Right to Culture
Every people has the right to speak its own language and preserve and develop its own culture, thereby contributing to the enrichment of the culture of mankind.
Every people has the right to its artistic, historical and cultural wealth.
Every people has the right not to have an alien culture imposed upon it.
Section V. Right to Environment and Common Resources
Every people has the right to the conservation, protection and improvement of its environment.
Every people has the right to make use of the common heritage of mankind, such as the high seas, the sea-bed, and outer space.
In the exercise of the preceding rights every people shall take account of the necessity for coordinating the requirements of its economic development with solidarity amongst all the peoples of the world.
Section VI. Rights of Minorities
When a people constitutes a minority within a State it has the right to respect for its identity, traditions, language and cultural heritage.
The members of a minority shall enjoy without discrimination the same rights as the other citizens of the State and shall participate on an equal footing with them in public life.
These rights shall be exercised with due respect for the legitimate interests of the community as a whole and cannot authorise impairing the territorial integrity and political unity of State, provided the State acts in accordance with all the principles set forth in this Declaration.
Section VII. Guarantees and Sanctions
Any disregard for the provisions of this Declaration constitutes a breach of obligations towards the international community as a whole.
Any prejudice resulting from disregard for this Declaration must be totally compensated by whoever caused it.
Any enrichment to the detriment of the people in violation of the provision of this Declaration shall give rise to the restitution of profits thus obtained. The same shall be applied to all excessive profits on investments of foreign origin.
Any equal treaties, agreements or contracts concluded in disregard of the fundamental rights of peoples shall have no effect.
External financial charges which become excessive and unbearable for people shall cease to be due.
The gravest violations of the fundamental rights of the peoples, especially of their right to existence, constitute international crimes for which their perpetrators shall carry personal penal liberty.
Any people whose fundamental rights are seriously disregarded has the right to enforce them, specially by political or trade union struggle and even, in the last resort by the use of force.
Liberation movements shall have access to international organisations and their combatants are entitled to the protection of the humanitarian law of war.
The re-establishment of the fundamental rights of peoples, when they are seriously disregarded, is a duty incumbent upon all members of the international community.