Women’s Role in the Emerging Social Movement in Armenia

Power Point presentation by Khatoune Temisjian Bedrossian PhD
At the Public Roundtable Discussion: Policy Directions in Post Election Armenia, Montreal, 20 June 2008


"History of 19th and 20th centuries was very illuminating: There is no future for a society without justice, without equality, without brotherhood, in short, without solidarity”

Power Point presentation by Khatoune Temisjian Bedrossian PhD
At the Public Roundtable Discussion: Policy Directions in Post Election Armenia, Montreal, 20 June 2008


"History of 19th and 20th centuries was very illuminating: There is no future for a society without justice, without equality, without brotherhood, in short, without solidarity”

 

Women’s Role in the Emerging Social Movement in Armenia

Khatoune Temisjian Bedrossian, Ph.D.

(A Powerpoint Presentation)
Montreal, June 20, 2008

Plan

         The context in Armenia

         Participation of women in politics

         Women’s role in the emerging social movement

         Definition of a social movement

         Conclusion


The context in Armenia

         High level of poverty

         High income inequality and unemployment

         Various advocacy groups

     –   More than 3500 NGOS

     –   Women, workers, ecological, health, education

     –   Significant proportion of women are active in those advocacy groups

         These NGOs can be part of a social movement

 

Participation of women in politics

         60% of people with high education

         Excluded from decision-making process in Post Soviet Armenia

     •     Legislative (National Assembly of Armenia): 3.1%

     •     Executive

              •     Ministers: 5.55%

         51,8% of the population

     •     Deputy ministers: 5.55%

     •     Female officers  ministries: 44.4%

     •     Female officers in the presidency: 46.3%

     •     Female bureaucrats: 53.9%

 

Participation of women in politics

Judiciary

         Constitutional court: 0%

         Judges: 20%

         Lawyers: 36%

         Court clerks: 24%

         Other :  8%

         Justice ministry officers: 46%

 

Regional elections: 2% of women elected

 

Women’s role in the emerging social movement in Armenia (I)

 

       No study about the participation of women in the gatherings or movements

       During gatherings, members of opposition included 50 – 60% of women

       Hundreds of women have been taken to police station because of their participation

      Some women who, during elections, were performing roles on behalf of the opposition, were subject to violence

 

Women’s role in the emerging social movement in Armenia (II)

 

       Many women are on hunger strike, demanding freedom for political prisoners

 

      Women have formed an organization in defense of political prisoners. This organization includes also wives of political prisoners

 

Definition of a social movement

 

3 principles to identify a social movement (A. Touraine):

 

    –    Principle of identity: Who claims the movement?

    –    Principle of opposition: Against whom is it opposed?

    –    Principle of globality: What are the values?

 

Conclusion

 

“History of 19th and 20th centuries was very illuminating: There is no future for a society without justice, without equality, without brotherhood, in short, without solidarity” Ricardo Petrella (Emeritus Professor of Social Sciences, Belgium) 

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